Throughout the 20th century, Marxism and Leninism were the two dominant communist movements. Despite their differences, both ideologies shared the same basic principles.
Class struggle is no longer the motor of history
Throughout the twentieth century, revolutionary movements have been forced to prioritize struggle for power, rather than class. This trend has led to a limited conception of the ‘working class’ and an ineffective socialist strategy. The article proposes a new approach to the question of what class is and why it is important.
This analysis demonstrates that the class that really matters is not the working class but the exploited mass. A common situation has been created by capitalist economics. This situation has resulted in increased organization and intensity of class conflicts. It also has had a profound effect on the forms of political organisation that have been developed by different communities.
This is a crucial step in Eurocommunism’s theory of social change. It explains why the state is vulnerable to popular struggles. It also tells us what the nature of a movement actually is.
The doctrine of cross-class alliances has fundamentally changed the way Marxist theory is conceived. This has resulted in the displacement of production relations from the centre of the social structure, and the redefinition of historical agency and the meaning of class.
Lenin’s correct view of peaceful coexistence
Despite the fact that many CPSU leaders have lauded the idea of peaceful coexistence, they have violated it. They have taken Lenin’s policy of peaceful coexistence and used it as a tool to liquidate the relations between the Communist Parties and the socialist countries.
The basic contradiction between the socialism and the capitalist systems cannot be resolved through peaceful coexistence. Only through revolutionary struggles can the transition from capitalism to socialism take place.
Lenin’s policy of peaceful coexistence helped in the fight against imperialism. It also made it possible for the Soviet state to live in peace with the imperialist countries. The Soviet Union did not have the choice but to live in peace with the imperialists. The imperialists strove to destroy the socialist state and would do everything to oppose it.
During World War II, the international balance of class forces had shifted towards the favour of socialism. The relative equilibrium of the forces between the socialist state and the imperialist countries had reached a very high level.
The disappearance of Marxist-Leninist regimes and movements
Despite the fact that many of the Marxist-Leninist regimes and movements of the past have disappeared, the fundamental principles of their teachings remain intact. The Communist Party of Mongolia defends the Marxist-Leninist line.
These teachings emphasize the dictatorship of the proletariat. Lenin argued that class struggle is not over and that there will be continued struggle in socialist countries. He also stressed that a peaceful revolution is rare.
Several capitalist countries have experienced large-scale mass struggles in recent years. These struggles have a tremendous impact on the capitalists, dealing blows to their reactionary forces. They have opened up bright prospects for revolutionary causes in these countries. In some areas, proletarian parties are fighting for national independence and for the future of socialist countries.
The international balance of forces has changed to favor socialism and oppressed peoples. This means that peace between socialist and imperialist countries will never substitute for the revolutionary struggle of the oppressed. However, there are some people who try to liquidate the socialist camp. These betray the interests of the international proletariat.
The CPSU’s wrong thesis on peaceful coexistence
CPSU leaders have been pursuing the line of “peaceful coexistence”. This is a betrayal of the principles of Marxism-Leninism. This line is an anti-Leninist line and runs counter to the interests of oppressed peoples. It undermines the revolutionary cause of fighting imperialism. Moreover, it opens the door for the penetration of imperialism into socialist countries.
The Central Committee of the CPSU has recently published an Open Letter. It has made some errors in its writing. It has also distorted the facts. This Open Letter was published in all provincial and municipal papers in China and was broadcast by Chinese radio stations. The Central Committee tried to cover up the truth in the letter. However, it was reprinted in other national papers. The Renmin Ribao (People’s Daily) has also published a commentary on the letter.
It is very clear that CPSU leadership has been engaged in a campaign to impose their erroneous views on international democratic organizations. They are trying to undermine the revolutionary struggle against imperialism. They also have ulterior motives. They are sapping the revolutionary fighting spirit of the proletariat.